Brands in this issue include: H&M (interviewed on climate change), Inditex (renews refugee support), Mango (reduces water use), Nike (drops shoe after indigenous protest; changes contracts to pay pregnant sponsored athletes), Prada (drops fur), PrettyLittleThing (‘poolside posing’ bikini leaks dye), SAOLA (sneakers sourced from algae), Taylor Stitch (introduces recycle program), Urban Outfitters (new clothing rental service), Vivobarefoot (launches plant-based shoe), Walmart and Target (must face lawsuit over fake ‘Egyptian’ cotton), and more.

Recently released reports:

In general news:

  • New film on Indonesia’s Citarum River, polluted by textile factories

  • Bangladesh apparel makers paid too little, say Bangladesh apparel makers

  • Factory workers facing mental health crisis

  • A view from Bangladesh on transparency

  • How to tell if a brand is greenwashing

  • German appeals court refuses legal aid to Pakistani plaintiffs in KiK case

  • New coat hanger recycling service

  • Chemical compliance key to responsible sourcing

  • New book on women in supply chains

  • Key lessons from Copenhagen Fashion Summit on innovative solutions

  • The debate over leather versus plastic

In the supply chain:                                                         

  • Bangladesh: differing views on the new Accord deal; BGMEA president asks labour leaders to stop complaining to foreigners; 1,120 Accord factories behind schedule in remediation

  • Ethiopia: trade union organising hits wall

  • India: hidden supply chains

  • Thailand: union organising workshop

  • Turkey: US terminates preferential trade agreement

Manufacturers in this issue include: DBL Group (reduced water use), Kraig Biocraft Laboratories (takes possession of factory in Vietnam), and more.

Sustainable fashion jobs: 8 new jobs listed (at Adidas, BGMEA, Nakd, Superdry, Tommy Hilfiger, VF, and YMA Fashion Scholarship Fund).

Quotes of the week:

  • “[Rubana Huq, president of the Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA)] has proposed adding a QR code on the tag of each Bangladesh-made product … would send consumers to a website where they could view short video clips that tell the story of the laborers behind the products produced by the BGMEA.” From an interview (21 May).

  • “There are too many clothes in the world.” Eileen Fisher (21 May).

By Stephen Frost, CUHK Business School, The Chinese University of Hong Kong.


Several Australian brands switch to Better Cotton: “Several Australian brands have switched to sustainable cotton sourcing and are keen to learn about where their raw materials are grown, said Michael Kobori from Levi Strauss & Co at a Better Cotton Initiative (BCI) Forum” (23 May). [Ed’s note: does not name brands.]

SAOLA offers sustainable sneakers sourced from algae and recycled plastic: “Starting with the uppers made from 100 percent recycled PET, the company pours 3 to 4 plastic bottles into each shoe. The shoelaces are sourced from 100 percent organic cotton to avoid cotton grown using chemicals. A plant-based foam created from algae biomass makes up the insoles and outsoles that brings a wafer-light feel to the sneaker, skips the petroleum used in traditional shoe production and makes use of the unwanted algae in areas where it blooms. Renewable cork sourced without cutting down any trees makes up a removable liner inside the shoe” (23 May).

Innovation in climate action: “In a refreshingly candid and constructive interview, Mike spoke with the H&M group’s Kim Hällström about what has happened since the company first made their important public climate commitment and what we can learn from the H&M group’s insights and experiences in order to help the entire apparel industry reduce its emissions in line with a 1.5 degree warming pathway” (22 May – 49:19-minute podcast).

Nike ditches shoe design after Panama’s indigenous Guna protest: “Guna lawyer Aresio Valiente told AFP the indigenous people were not just seeking the product’s withdrawal, but also damages as the shoe “is part of the spirituality of the Guna people. So the company has to compensate us because it was an illegal copy of our designs,” Valiente said, adding that they had “already sent a note of protest” to Nike” (22 May).

PrettyLittleThing ‘poolside posing’ bikini declared ‘laughable’ over claims of leaking dye: “One woman got the last laugh when a fast fashion retailer refunded her purchase of a teal string bikini that reportedly stained her body blue when she got it wet” (22 May).

Prada joins the fur-free chorus: “Italy’s Prada will stop using animal fur in its products from the 2020 women’s spring-summer collections to be presented in September, the luxury group said on Wednesday” (22 May). [Ed’s note: PETA issued a statement: “But while PETA applauds Prada for joining the ever-growing list of fashion houses that are dropping fur, we now urge the brand to follow in Chanel's compassionate footsteps by also removing cruelly obtained exotic skins — including crocodile, lizard, and snake skins — from future collections.”]

Walmart, Target, Bed Bath must face lawsuit over fake ‘Egyptian’ cotton: NY judge: “Monday’s decision by U.S. District Judge Vincent Briccetti in White Plains, New York, addressed claims that consumers nationwide overpaid for mislabeled cotton produced by an Indian textile company, Welspun India Ltd.” (21 May).

Vivobarefoot launches plant-based shoe: “The new vegan shoe is designed with more than 30 percent renewable plant-based materials, including Bio TPU made from yellow dent field corn and uses natural rubber and harvested algae called ‘Bloom’ instead of single-use petroleum materials” (21 May).

Inditex and Universidad Pontificia Comillas renew their Chair for Refugees to research better solutions for displaced people: “This project supports academic research in the field of migration, attempts to apply these studies to caring for displaced people and seeks to raise social awareness about the reality of this issue” (21 May).

Taylor Stitch introduces Restitch recycle program: “Menswear denim brand Taylor Stitch has launched a clothing recycling program. Called Restitch, the program allows customers to return Taylor Stitch denim items to the company for a trade-in credit between 15 and 25 dollars” (21 May).

Tigerlily goes sustainable: Iconic Australian label releases first annual consciousness report: “With Baptist World Aid Australia bringing out another Ethical Fashion Guide and another Fashion Revolution Week just passed, many popular brands are showing their commitment to minimising their environmental footprint and tackling social issues. Some are going further, documenting their transition to a sustainable and ethical supply chain by producing their own independent transparency reports. Cue, Australian fashion label Tigerlily with their first annual ‘Consciousness Report’” (21 May).

Urban Outfitters announces new clothing rental service alongside record first-quarter sales: “Along with record first-quarter sales today, Urban Outfitters also announced it is now rolling out a rental program called Nuuly, wherein customers can borrow six clothing items per month for an $88 monthly fee” (21 May).

Mango reduces water consumption in jeans production by nearly 4 million litres: “Spanish fashion company Mango has introduced new techniques in the production of its SS19 season jeans which have cut down water consumption by up to 10 litres per garment” (20 May).

Nike says it is changing contracts to protect star athletes’ pay during pregnancy: “Nike said is adding “written terms” in new contracts to support athletes during pregnancy days after being criticized for cutting the pay of some female stars who had children” (19 May).

Gartner announces rankings of the 2019 Supply Chain Top 25: Fashion brands and retailers rated were: #2 Inditex, #10 Nike, #14 Walmart, #16 H&M, and #24 Adidas (16 May).


Deadly Waters: Citarum: Indonesian river keeps textile industry’s dirty secrets: “Hundreds of textile factories dump hazardous waste, turning the water ominous shades of white, black or brown in different parts of the Citarum. Lenient environmental regulations and cheap workforce attracted the industry in the region in the 1980s. It has provided the impoverished local population with jobs and brought millions of dollars to Indonesia’s economy, but it also transformed the once pristine life-giving river into a toxic swamp. The volume of waste has also led to soil erosion and killed off nearly all the fish” (23 May – 25:15-minute video).

Bangladeshi apparel makers paid one of the lowest prices in the world: “Bangladeshi garment makers received one of the lowest prices in the world last year due to a lack of value-added apparel items, lack of negotiation skills, and image crisis. Among the garment trading nations in the world, Bangladeshi garment items were paid $2.79 per unit or per square metre equivalent (SME) in the US market in 2018, according to data from the Office of the Textiles and Apparel (OTEXA) in the US” (23 May).

Factory workers are facing a mental health crisis. Here’s how to respond: “Poor mental health is one of the biggest issues facing us today. By 2030, the cost to the global economy of all mental health problems could amount to $16 trillion. However, rarely is the issue talked about in the context of the factory workers who assemble our day-to-day goods” (23 May).

Why transparency makes business sense: “Brands are increasingly realizing the genuine bottom-line benefits. We hear all the time that there are social and ethical reasons for becoming a more transparent organization by, for instance, revealing the names and addresses of suppliers in company supply chains” (22 May). [Ed’s note: a perspective from Bangladesh.]

Is your favorite fashion brand greenwashing? Use this checklist to find out: “How to tell the difference between brands that market themselves as sustainable and ones that actually commit to sustainability in a holistic way” (22 May).

Factory fire lawsuit shows: Germany needs major law reform on corporate liability: “(Appeals court refuses legal aid in KiK case.) The Higher Regional Court in Hamm, Germany, has rejected the Pakistani claimaints’ application for legal aid in the proceedings concerning a fire at a textile factory in Pakistan. The four claimants took their case to court in Germany to determine the share of responsibility borne by the clothing company for inadequate fire safety measures leading to the deaths of 258 workers” (22 May).  

Coat hangers: First Mile confronts its latest waste villain: “First Mile is launching a coat hanging recycling service aimed at the retail and fashion industries” (21 May).

Better chemical compliance is key to responsible sourcing: “Responsible sourcing’ and ‘product stewardship’ are terms we hear regularly. While they sound great, we need to maintain focus to really make an impact. The chemicals used in apparel, footwear and textiles can and should be a part of that focus. They are the basic building blocks for materials and they determine everything from color to water or stain repellence, and how likely a product is to shrink or wrinkle. It’s not a matter of developing a fear of chemicals and chemistry, but companies should know what is being used to make our products, why we are choosing particular chemicals and where they all go” (21 May).

New book reveals the extent to which women are undervalued in global value chains: “A new book by Professor Stephanie Barrientos consolidates more than 10 years of research on contemporary working conditions and gender discrimination in a new book Gender and Work in global value chains: Capturing the Gains?” (21 May).

Can technology save us? The key takeaways from the Copenhagen Fashion Summit: “More tangible ideas were put forward in the newly expanded Innovation Forum, where start-ups and inventors introduced eco-friendly dyes, plant-based leathers, non-toxic waterproofing inventions, reusable packaging solutions, recycled textile fibers, and more. For many attendees, those discoveries got at the real crux of the issue: how to actually do something” (21 May).

Breaking the cycle of violence: Stories of courage: “Freedom of association is a right recognised internationally and reiterated in corporate policies of all major garment brands. So, workers have to simply organise and collectively bargain to achieve better conditions? Well, it is not as simple as that sounds. These two women were beaten up in April last year for doing so” (20 May).

A lesser of two evils: Animal leather and common synthetic leather alternatives: “If you’re vegan, and you mention that your shoes aren’t made from ‘real leather’, you’ve probably had someone tell you you’re doing something bad, because you’re basically wearing ‘plastic’, and at least leather is natural and better for the environment … So let’s look at some of the assumptions surrounding leather, and see how it really compares to even the most unsustainable alternative to it” (20 May).

  • Can leather go green? “As interest in vegan leather reaches an all-time high, the leather industry is improving its production processes and marketing itself as the sustainable alternative” (2 May).

Report finds supply chain transparency is good for business, urges companies to adopt the transparency pledge: “A new report by the International Corporate Accountability Roundtable (ICAR) makes the business case for companies to adopt greater supply chain transparency measures, showing that when they do, businesses enjoy better reputations, greater operational efficiency, improved legal compliance, and increased access to capital” (14 May).

‘Working to stay healthy’, health-seeking behaviour in Bangladesh’s urban slums: a qualitative study: “Kamrangirchar and Hazaribagh are the largest slum areas in Dhaka, Bangladesh. In 2013, Médecins Sans Frontières initiated an urban healthcare programme in these areas providing services for factory workers and responding to the sexual and reproductive health needs of young women. Little in-depth information is available on perceptions of health and health seeking behaviour in this population. We aimed to provide a better understanding of community perceptions toward health and health care in order to inform programme strategies” (May 2019). [Ed’s note: academic article.]



Views differ on the new Accord deal:

  • Bangladesh garment unions say new factory oversight deal risks worker safety: “The end of an international arrangement aimed at ensuring the wellbeing of Bangladeshi garment workers is likely to undermine safety by making factory owners responsible for maintaining standards, trade union leaders said on Tuesday” (21 May).

  • Questions raised after agreement reached on Bangladesh Accord: “Fears exist that the BGMEA, which has frequently publicly rejected the Accord’s work as interference into its affairs, will try to use this unit [the newly-formed RMG Sustainability Council (RSC)] to exert undue influence on the Accord’s independent functioning against the intent of the MoU. These fears were reinforced by a recent press statement from the BGMEA, suggesting that termination and escalation of factories will require BGMEA agreement, whereas the MoU merely references “collaboration” on the escalation process. The language of the MoU is giving rise to different interpretations and more clarity is urgently required” (21 May). [Ed’s note: from Clean Clothes Campaign.]

  • Bangladesh Accord achievements secured: “A breakthrough agreement has been reached between the Accord and the Bangladesh garment employers’ association (BGMEA) that will ensure that the progress made on factory safety in Bangladesh will continue. On 19 May, the agreement was accepted by the Bangladesh Appellate Court which has given permission for the Accord to continue during a 12 month transition period” (20 May). [Ed’s note: from IndustriALL.]

International moves alone won’t end gender-based violence: “Intern[ation]al guidelines like ILO conventions on labour rights are certainly crucial in guiding the government policy but in the context of Bangladesh, considering that a majority of lawmakers have monetary interest in the industrial sector, the government must abandon its lenient attitude towards the owners and must strictly enforce the labour law to prove its commitment to worker rights” (22 May).

Non-payment of worker wage breaches labour law: “Several apparel factories, including Intraco Sweaters Ltd and MTM Garments Ltd, closed down their units without paying wages to workers” (21 May).

BGMEA president asks labour leaders not to complain to foreigners: ““Foreign buyers don't increase the rate even though our production cost has increased immensely. If you complain to buyers than they get a chance to bargain and reduce prices,” she told a roundtable on national budget at National Press Club” (21 May).

First female president of Bangladesh garment group eyes advances: “[Rubana Huq] says one of her priorities in the next two years would be to offer transparency in areas including the working environment, labor relations, compliance and fair pricing among all the stakeholders, including buyers, consumers, manufacturers, laborers, media and monitoring agencies. She says these changes will improve the image of RMG of Bangladesh” (21 May).

1,120 Accord-enlisted factories behind schedule in remediation: “Some 1,120 out of 1,610 Accord-enlisted apparel factories are behind schedule in factory remediation, according to a quarterly aggregate report of Bangladesh Accord” (19 May).


Organizing in the garment and textile sector in Ethiopia: “The Industrial Federation of Textile, Leather and Garment Workers Union (IFTLGWU), affiliated to IndustriALL Global Union, has hit a brick wall in its attempts to organize at Hawassa, despite the country’s Constitution and labour laws providing for freedom of association” (21 May).


Fashion’s hidden supply chains in India: “Nina Smith, the CEO of GoodWeave International, on invisible worker communities from India who work for global fashion brands and why the two-sided opacity needs to be erased” (21 May).


Organizing in the textile and garment sector in Thailand: “IndustriALL organized the first workshop in Thailand on organizing in the supply chain for textile, garment, shoes and leather (TGSL) sector affiliate, Textile Garment and Leather Workers’ Federation of Thailand (TWFT) on 3-4 May in Bangkok” (21 May).


U.S. terminates Turkey’s preferential trade agreement: “The United States on Thursday terminated Turkey’s preferential trade treatment that allowed some exports to enter the country duty free” (17 May).


Amid an acute water crisis, Batik textile makers in Gujarat are going organic: (23 May – 26:01-minute video).

Time for RMG to be eco-correct: “Before 2012, DBL Group used 120 litres of water for washing a kilogram of fabric. But by 2016, the garment maker was able to bring down its water consumption to 60 litres thanks to installation of modern technologies. This means, DBL can now save more than one billion litres of water in a year and also save more than one million kilograms of dyes and chemicals” (21 May).

Techtextil: exhibitor record, many smart textiles: “With "Sustainability at Techtextil and Texprocess,” both trade fairs focused for the first time on the sustainability approaches of their exhibitors. A separate trade fair guide guided visitors to the exhibitors, who presented new ideas and products in the field of sustainability” (20 May).

Kraig Biocraft Laboratories takes possession of factory in Vietnam: “Kraig Biocraft Laboratories, Inc., the leading developer of spider silk based fibers, announces today that its subsidiary Prodigy Textiles has taken possession of its factory in Vietnam. The Company is now retrofitting the nearly 50,000 square foot facility to produce its game changing recombinant spider silk materials. (20 May).

Can these innovators turn the tide of fashion’s pollution mess? Copenhagen Fashion Summit thinks so: “The 10th Anniversary of the Copenhagen Fashion Summit presented a host of new innovations proposing potential solutions to some of fashion’s most difficult problems … A key focus area for the Future lab, unsurprisingly, was materials science. Aiming to address the resource strain placed on the planet by virgin fiber production (both synthetic and natural) and toxicity of some chemicals used in textile production, the solutions spanned the use of waste, byproducts and ‘bio-intelligence’” (20 May).


[New listings or updated information marked with *]

* Adidas: Manager Sustainability A&G Materials (Guangzhou)

Adidas: Manager Sustainability Materials FW (Ho Chi Minh City)

Amazon: Social Responsibility, Senior Program Manager (Shenzhen, China)

Amazon: Japan Environmental Manager (Tokyo)

Amer Sports: Performance Improvement Sustainability Specialist (Hong Kong)

ASOS: Ethical Trade Assistant (Hong Kong)

* BGMEA: Chief Technical Officer, Head of Accord/ BGMEA Coordinator (Dhaka)

BSR: HERproject Associate (Hong Kong)

BSR: Manager, Supply Chain Sustainability (New York)

C&A Foundation: Data Analyst (Gurgaon)

Canada Goose: Sustainability Programs Specialist (Toronto)

Canada Goose: Manager, Sustainability and Social Compliance Programs (Toronto)

Canada Goose: Sr. Manager, Corporate Sustainability (Toronto)

Center for Child Rights and Corporate Social Responsibility (CCR CSR): Social Worker (Shenzhen)

Chanel: Senior Compliance Manager (Shanghai)

EcoVadis: Corporate Social Responsibility Analyst (Hong Kong)

ETAM: Sustainability & Compliance Manager Asia (Hong Kong)

Ethical Trading Initiative: Senior Advisor, Gender & Social Inclusion (London)

Ethical Trading Initiative: Membership Services Assistant (maternity cover) (London)

Ethical Trading Initiative: Assistant Strategic Lead (London)

Fair Labor Association: Communications Intern (Washington, DC)

Fair Labor Association: Social Compliance Program Manager (Washington, DC)

G-Star RAW: Intern GSRD Foundation (Amsterdam)

Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS): GOTS Public Procurement Specialist (EU) (Stuttgart)

GoodWeave: Director of Communications (Washington DC)

GoodWeave: Senior Program Officer (Washington DC)

W.L. Gore & Associates: APAC Sustainability Communication Leader - Fabrics Division (Hong Kong)

H&M: Internal Communications and Sustainability Responsible (Sydney)

Herschel Supply Company: Product Quality & Compliance Manager (Vancouver)

Hop Lun: Sustainability Manager (Hong Kong)

Hudson’s Bay: Labour Relations Coordinator (Etobicoke)

Hugo Boss: Internship, Sustainable Supplier Management & Social Compliance (Metzingen) (see ad in German here)

International Labour Organisation: Programme Manager, Better Factories Cambodia (Phnom Penh)

Impactt: Marketing Manager (London)

Impactt: Principal Consultant (London)

Impactt: Project Officer (London)

Kering: Ready to Wear Materials Research & Sustainability Specialist (Novara)

Macy’s: Environmental Services Intern/Co-op (Cincinnati, OH)

Macy’s: Manager, Corporate Giving (New York)

Mint Velvet: CSR Coordinator (High Wycombe, UK)

* Nakd: CSR Coordinator (Gothenburg)

Nakd: Corporate Social Responsibility Internship (Gothenburg)

New Era Cap: Senior Manager, Global Social Compliance (Buffalo, NY)

Nike: Integrated Performance Manager, Sustainable Manufacturing & Sourcing (Portland, OR)

Nike: Data Analyst - Product Sustainability (Portland, OR)

Nike: Director of Supplier Relationship Management – Supply Chain (Beaverton, OR)

Nike: Senior Director Labor, Health & Safety, Sustainable Manufacturing & Sourcing (Beaverton, OR)

Patagonia: Head of Supply Chain Environmental Responsibility (Ventura, CA)

Politix (Country Road Group): Social, PR and Events Manager (Melbourne)

REI: Senior Administrative Assistant, Brand Stewardship & Impact (Kent, WA)

Ross Dress for Less: Director, Sustainability (San Francisco, CA)

* Superdry: Ethical Sourcing Assistant (Hong Kong)

Sustainable Apparel Coalition: Senior Manager, Public Affairs (Amsterdam)

Sustainable Apparel Coalition: Senior Manager of Verification (San Francisco, New York, Amsterdam, or Hong Kong)

Sustainable Apparel Coalition: Senior Manager of Higg Facility Tools (San Francisco, New York, Amsterdam, or Hong Kong)

TAL Apparel: Environmental Sustainability Executive (Hong Kong)

Ted Baker: Sustainability Coordinator (London)

Ted Baker: Ethical and Sustainability Assistant (London)

Ted Baker: Ethical Specialist (London)

Textile Exchange: Standards Coordinator

* Tommy Hilfiger: Communications Manager Sustainability (Amsterdam)

University of Leeds: Research Fellow in Sustainable Materials and Renewable Fibres (Leeds)

Vestiaire Collective: Chief Sustainability Officer (Paris)

* VF: Assistant Manager, Sustainable Operations (North East Asia) (Shanghai)

* VF: Manager, Worker Rights (Hong Kong)

VF: Specialist, Supply Chain Sustainability (Shanghai)

Wearable Collections: Drivers, Route Helpers and Market Coordinators (New York)

* YMA Fashion Scholarship Fund: Senior Officer, Philanthropy and Strategic Partnerships (New York)

CONFERENCES & SEMINARS                                        

[New listings or updated information marked with *]

03 – 06 June: Detroit: SB’19 Detroit: “Navigate your brand’s sustainability journey to deliver business success,” by Sustainable Brands.

10 June: Online course: Fashion’s Future and the Sustainable Development Goals: “explore the fashion industry’s impact on people and planet, what the Sustainable Development Goals are, and how they are intrinsically linked.” From Fashion Revolution.

10 – 12 June, London: Ethical Corporation’s 18th Responsible Business Summit Europe: “It’s time to Lead: Innovate, Engage and Collaborate.”

12 June, Northampton, UK: 1 Day Chemical Compliance and Product Safety Training Course: “On this chemical course, our in-house chemical expert will guide you through the various legislations and chemicals in a simple step-by-step process, ensuring that you are aware of your obligation and how to comply.” (For the leather industry.)

13 – 13 June, Bangkok: Responsible Business & Human Rights Forum 2019: “[A] multi-stakeholder event addressing an array of priority issues under the Responsible Business Conduct and Business and Human Rights Agendas.”

18 – 20 June, Minneapolis, USA: Circularity 19: “Circularity 19 will bring together more than 500 thought leaders and practitioners to define and accelerate the circular economy.”

22 June, Barcelona: Planet Textiles 2019: “The 10th edition of Planet Textiles will be a seminal event on sustainability in the textile manufacturing sector and will see an unrivalled gathering of experts from the entire fashion value chain.”

08 September, Dhaka, Bangladesh: GOTS Bangladesh Seminar 2019: “The theme of this year´s seminar is ‘Connecting for Success’, and serves to bring together the key players. Speakers shall include representatives from brands, exporters, certifiers, chemical industry, and other significant stakeholders.”

15 – 18 October: Vancouver: Textile Exchange Sustainability Conference: Driving impact through integrity and preferred fiber & materials.

23 – 24 October: Amsterdam: European Textile Polyester Summit 2019: “an insight into the European polyester market and its drivers and developments, as well as focus on feedstock availability and sustainability challenges.”

04 – 05 November: Stockholm: Transforming Products for the Circular Economy: “This two-day forum will feature leading innovators, product designers, manufacturers and brands using Cradle to Cradle Certified to design and make safe, healthy materials and products for the circular economy.”

05 November: Dhaka, Bangladesh: Sustainable Apparel Forum: 2nd edition of a forum facilitated by the Bangladesh Apparel Exchange.

12 – 14 November, San Jose, California: BSR Conference: Note: this link is only to sign up for updates; registration will begin in May.

(Photo image, CCO)

Disclaimer: The Fashion Sustainability Week in Review (FSWIR) is a twice-weekly roundup of sustainability news items relevant to the fashion, apparel, textile and related industries. The views and opinions expressed in the FSWIR by individual authors and/or media outlets cited do not necessarily reflect the position of GoBlu International or any individual associated with the company.