THIS ISSUE

Brands in this issue include: Adidas, Burberry, Esprit, Guess, Gap Inc, Hugo Boss, H&M Group, Inditex, Kering, Levi Strauss & Co, Puma, PVH and Target (among 43 inaugural signatories to the Fashion Industry Charter for Climate Action), Adidas and Primark (among companies calling for human rights defenders’ protections), Boohoo (‘how-to-wear’ videos for sustainability), Chanel (a look at the other reasons why it banned exotic animal skins), Fila (to launch sustainable fashion line), H&M (bankrolling non-profit for sustainability), Kering (takes Plug and Play to China; and ties up with the Savory Institute on regenerative agriculture), Nike and Target (only apparel companies in top 100 list for JUST companies), Outland Denim (interview with founder), Ross (target of garment worker protests in LA), and more.

Reports released this week:

In general news:

  • More bioplastics do not necessarily contribute to climate change mitigation

  • Can transparency solve the consumer trust deficit?

  • China dismayed over Hermès bags made from exotic skins

  • Journalist sceptical about surveys showing majority consumers want sustainability

  • ILO and Sweden join forces to promote decent work in Asian garment supply chains

  • UK adults spend £85 on Christmas party outfits according to the British Heart Foundation

  • When did fake leather become so expensive?

In the supply chain:                                                                    

  • Bangladesh: Hearing on Accord’s stay application rescheduled for 17 December; government warns RMG owners workers to tackle unrest

  • Cambodia: Better Factories Cambodia’s latest report shows factories improving

  • Pakistan: Female home-based workers demand equal pay, end to harassment; new labour policy draws mixed reaction

Manufacturers in this issue include: Archroma (aniline-free indigo solution), Lenzing, Birla Cellulose and ENKA (top Canopy’s latest viscose producer ranking), Orange Fibre (two interviews with founders), Top Glove (accused of illegal overtime in Malaysia), and more.

Quotes of the week:

  • “An apparel company might think that they only have 1,000 to 2,000 suppliers, but the reality is they have 20,000 to 50,000 when you count all the sub-suppliers.” Leonardo Bonanni, founder and chief executive of Sourcemap (10 Dec).

  • “The cost of an RMB 300,000 Hermès handbag is 100 million dead bodies.” Title of a Chinese article on the ethics of making Birkin handbags (09 Dec).

  • “Saks Fifth Avenue dreams, but Forever 21 realities.” Megan Kennedy, Purdue University sophomore (07 Dec).

  • “I don’t really have the resources to worry about [sustainable clothing] right now,” Sam Koutnik, University of Dayton student (07 Dec).

  • “For sustainability to truly take over on a global level, sustainable goods must cost less than the normal versions.” Vincenzo Marrocco, House of Gold (06 Dec).

By Stephen Frost, CUHK Business School, The Chinese University of Hong Kong.

BRANDS & RETAILERS

Milestone Fashion Industry Charter for Climate Action launched: “The global fashion sector today significantly increased momentum to address climate change by launching the Fashion Industry Charter for Climate Action. Under the auspices of UN Climate Change, leading fashion brands, retailers, supplier organizations, and others, including a major shipping company, have agreed to collectively address the climate impact of the fashion sector across its entire value chain” (10 Dec). [Ed’s note: among the 43 signatories are Adidas, Burberry, Esprit, Guess, Gap Inc, Hugo Boss, H&M Group, Inditex, Kering, Levi Strauss & Co, Puma, PVH and Target.]

Adidas and Primark join group calling for protecting human rights defenders and civic freedoms: Adidas and Primark are among a group of companies calling for the protection of human rights and civic freedoms, arguing that when defenders are under attack, so is sustainable and profitable business (10 Dec).

Vogue asks H&M: can fast fashion be green?H&M is bankrolling a non-profit to try to improve its eco-credentials. Vogue speaks to the fast-fashion brand to find out how they aim to fall in line with society’s drive to become more sustainable” (10 Dec).

Meet Carol Kane: The £1 billion face of fast fashion: “Britain’s teenagers can’t make a sartorial move without Carol Kane, whose online clothing empire Boohoo delivers cheap chic to cash-strapped Gen Zeds. But what about all that landfill … [Kane pointed] out that one of the great benefits of social media is that ‘as a brand we can interact with our customers and educate them. The best thing we do in terms of making our model more sustainable is posting “how-to-wear” videos showing ways to re-wear items, and making the point that just because clothes are inexpensive does not mean they are disposable’” (10 Dec).

Nike and Target in top 100 of America’s Most JUST Companies: “JUST Capital’s third annual ranking of the 1,000 largest publicly traded U.S. corporations on the issues Americans care about most. Issues such as good jobs, fair pay and strong benefits, employee education, support for local communities, customer privacy, environmental impact, and more” (10 Dec). [Ed’s note: Nike (#39) was the highest ranked apparel company, with Target (#53) the only other apparel-related company to make the top 100. Other apparel companies ranked were PVH (#101), Hanesbrands (#453), Tapestry (Coach, Kate Spade, Stuart Weitzman #562), Columbia (#575), Under Armour (#647), Ralph Lauren (#648), Lululemon (#702), Michael Kors and Skechers (both listed as in the ‘bottom 10%).]

Looking for sexy in sustainable: “When lingerie model Elsa Hosk walked the runway wearing nothing but the coveted Victoria Secret Dream Angels Fantasy Bra, heads turned and jaws dropped. The brassiere, crafted by Atelier Swarovski was made using 2,100 diamonds and topaz … This year’s VS runway, while celebrating fashionable lingerie, made it a point to keep sustainability at its centre. And that’s why its show-stopping bra was made using diamonds that were responsibly produced and adhere to the highest environment, labour and safety standards. Similarly, the Topaz too was responsibly obtained from traceable sources” (09 Dec).

The other reason for Chanel’s exotic skins ban: “Kering, for example, invested in a python farm in Thailand in January 2017, emphasising in a statement that such moves enabled “improved traceability and management of sourcing and supply chains.” LVMH acquired a 51 percent stake in crocodile skins supplier Heng Long in 2011 and, in 2017, bought Johnstone River crocodile farm, north of Queensland. Meanwhile, Hermès bought crocodile farms in Cairns, Australia and Louisiana in 2013 and owns several tanneries through its subsidiary HCP (Hermès Cuirs Precieux). Chanel pursued a different strategy, relying on a wide range of third-party farms for its products. The approach may have backfired” (07 Dec).

Fashion Revolution caught up with James Bartle, founder and CEO of Outland Denim: “In November, Fashion Revolution caught up with the founder and CEO of Outland Denim who was in London for the Stop Slavery Awards which were part of the 2018 Trust Conference. Outland Denim was shortlisted for an award, the only fashion brand on the list. Apple won. But Outland Denim, which was set up to provide meaningful employment – and in many cases, liberation from the sex trafficking trade – for vulnerable women in Cambodia won the ultimate prize this year when the Duchess of Sussex chose to wear their jeans on several occasions during her visit to Australia and New Zealand in October” (07 Dec).

Kering launches sustainable innovation award in greater China with Plug and Play: “Kering, together with the global innovation platform, Plug and Play, held an event on December 7th, 2018 in Beijing to launch the Kering Sustainable Innovation Award. The award aims to fast-track sustainable innovation within the luxury and apparel sectors in Greater China, and offers a prize including comprehensive mentorship and networking, travel to Europe and the US to meet with fashion and innovation leaders, and a 100,000€ grant to the top winner” (07 Dec).

Kering and Savory Institute collaborate for first verified regenerative sourcing in fashion: “Kering and The Savory Institute announced a new collaboration today to recognize the positive impact regenerative agriculture can have in the fashion industry. As a first in fashion and Luxury, Kering has become a Frontier Founder under Savory’s Land to Market program to advocate verified regenerative sourcing solutions and expand the regenerative agriculture framework in fashion’s global supply chains” (06 Dec).

Fila to launch sustainable fashion line with Astrid Andersen: “Sportswear brand Fila is set to make a splash in early 2019 with a high-end collection produced in collaboration with Danish designer Astrid Andersen” (06 Dec).

‘Dress for less’ at what cost? Garment workers protest Ross stores: “On Dec. 1, activists and labor organizers marched through downtown Los Angeles, marking Anti-Sweatshop Saturday to demand better wages and working conditions for garment workers in the city, many of whom work in sweatshop conditions. The event, organized by Los Angeles-based Garment Worker Center, is part of a continued campaign to hold Ross accountable for wage theft and sweatshop conditions in the sub-contracted, unregulated factories that produce its clothing” (04 Dec).

NEWS & REPORTS

More bioplastics do not necessarily contribute to climate change mitigation: “Bioplastics are often promoted as an environmentally and climate-friendly alternative to conventional petroleum-based plastics. However, a recent study from the University of Bonn suggests that shifting to plant-based plastics could be less positive than expected. Specifically, increased consumption of bioplastics is likely to generate increased greenhouse gas emissions from cropland expansion on a global scale. The study will be soon published in Environmental Research Letters” (10 Dec).

Can transparency solve the consumer trust deficit? “Unless fashion brands adopt best practices from outside the industry and improve supply chain transparency from within, consumers may begin to wonder what they have to hide” (10 Dec). [Ed’s note: This article first appeared in BoF and McKinsey & Company's The State of Fashion 2019 report.]

3 reports say people care about sustainability when buying clothes. I'm not so sure...: “How much do people care about sustainability when they buy clothes? Three reports published in the last three weeks provide varying answers, all of them agreeing consumers factor it in. But I'm not convinced. Fast fashion is here to stay in the foreseeable future, and what we need are surveys that track expenditure and not simply ask people what they say they do” (09 Dec – 3:32-minute video).

China dismayed over Hermès bags made from exotic skins: “China, a country where consumers have long been obsessed with luxury handbags made from exotic animal skins, is starting to see people reflect on the environmental cost of making these exquisite items. This week, an article (in Chinese) titled “The cost of an RMB 300, 000 Hermès Handbag is 100 Million Dead Bodies” is being widely circulated on China’s biggest social messaging app WeChat. It questions the ethics of making Hermès’ iconic Birkin handbags from exotic animal skins (including crocodile, ostrich, and snake), and called for consumers to take action against the practice” (09 Dec). [Ed’s note: the Chinese article reference is here – warning, disturbing content.]

Are footwear & apparel companies doing enough to eradicate forced labour in supply chains? “This is the question at the centre of a report published last week by KnowTheChain, “an NGO that benchmarks corporate practices. In this video I take a deeper look at the report so you can make up your own mind” (08 Dec – 2:46-minute video).

Unlocking Responsible Luxury: a new report from Politecnico di Milano School of Management: “What’s the view on sustainable luxury from the home to some of the world’s most famous luxury brands? I’m talking about Italy of course, and Milan in particular. Over the last couple of years, a team at Politecnico di Milano School of Management has developed a Sustainable Luxury Academy, aiming to define the principles of responsible luxury management within fashion. One annual highlight of this project has been the Responsible Luxury Summit. And this year, at the second Summit, they launched a manifesto providing thoughts on big issues such as transparency, circularity, accountability and inclusivity” (07 Dec – 2:56-minute video).

Consumer Confidential: Corporations are not people too. Seriously, don't kid yourself: “A report out this week from the consulting firm Accenture found that nearly two-thirds of about 30,000 consumers surveyed said they want companies “to take a stand on current and broadly relevant issues such as sustainability, transparency and fair employment practices.” (07 Dec). [Ed’s note: the author is sceptical and uses Nike sweatshops to show why. I linked to the Accenture report in the last issue of FSWIR.]

Fast fashion: from Bangladesh to Boohoo: “Young people around the country have differing opinions on how to spend their money. I spoke with Megan Kennedy about her spending habits when it comes to clothing. As a sophomore at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, she credits her school’s rural location for part of the reason she turns to fast fashion online. Her mainstays include Forever 21, SheIn, Nordstrom, Boohoo, and Missguided. Fast fashion has become especially popular among college students because of the appealing price point” (07 Dec).

Working in a garment factory may not bring this mother and daughter long-term economic stability: “There isn’t a lot of time to stop and think about this when Begum is at the garment factory where she works in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Too many needles and scissors and glue guns around — not exactly conducive to looking up and pondering the irony of global capitalism: that a woman in a subtropical country would spend her days and nights making sweaters. She earns about $70 a month. But Begum says, on occasion, she looks at the sweaters and thinks, who is going to wear this?” (07 Dec).

The hidden human cost of fast fashion: “As garment workers toil under exploitative working conditions, FEMNET works toward greater transparency in the fashion industry. Ahead of the German Sustainability Award, the NGO's director tells DW what must change” (07 Dec).

ILO and Sweden join forces to promote decent work in Asian garment supply chains: “The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) and the ILO signed a Cooperation Agreement to start a new project to improve working conditions and productivity for women and men workers and enhance the sustainability of the garment industry in Asia” (07 Dec).

UK adults spend £85 on Christmas party outfits according to the British Heart Foundation: “Whether it’s a comedy Christmas jumper or sparkly sequin dress, the majority of party goers will only wear their new festive threads once before discarding them, according to a new survey … 59% of UK adults admitted to storing their Christmas party outfit at the back of their wardrobe once worn and a shocking 5% actually go as far as to throw their clothes away” (06 Dec). [Ed’s note: see more here.]

The Gen Z breakthrough brands and why they love ‘em: “What Gen Z want from brands is the new Holy Grail for marketers — you only have to look at the myriad surveys and reports published recently that seek to analyze their preferences and intentions. This obsession with Gen Z is understandable — after all, this new generation of consumers already are two billion strong and have a combined $44 billion in purchasing power” (06 Dec). [Ed’s note: brands mentioned include Ecoalf, Bureo, Mud Jeans and Pavegen.]

Future fit: 3 ways fashion can be more sustainable: “It is obvious that the fashion industry should redesign its social and environmental footprint. It should be more mindful of diminishing natural resources, environmental pollution and the exploitation of nature, people and animals, and it should tackle unequal distribution of commodities. Here are three ways fashion houses can be more sustainable: 1. Ethical fashion, 2. Transparent fabric, 3. Design out waste” (06 Dec).

When did fake leather become so expensive? “But in 2018, fake leather is no longer a consolation prize. In fact, vegan leather (we don’t call it pleather anymore), is a status symbol, with up-and-coming brands like Gunas, Matt & Nat, Von Holzhausen, and Sole Society offering bags that look and feel almost exactly like real leather, without any of the associated guilt that — it being 2018 — many people now feel while wearing animal hide. These brands offer a wide variety of wallets, clutches, handbags, and luggage, at price points averaging around $250 — roughly what my mother paid for her Patricia bag in the 1980s. On the designer end, Stella McCartney, Comme des Garçons, and Maison Margiela offer vegan options that can easily swing over $1,000” (05 Dec).

Making sustainability sexy: “Luna Atamian Hahn-Petersen suggests influencers can play a key role” (05 Dec).

THE SUPPLY CHAIN

Bangladesh

Hearing on Accord’s stay application rescheduled for 17 Dec: “Bangladesh Supreme Court, Appellate Division hearing on Accord’s leave to appeal and stay application against the Suo Moto judgment (which ordered the closure of Accord BD office on 30 Nov. 2018) re-scheduled to 17 Dec. 2018” (10 Dec).

Bangladesh government attempts to paralyze Accord and strip its independence: “The Bangladesh government is using proceedings before the Supreme Court of Bangladesh to prevent the Accord from operating, thereby putting workers’ safety at risk. In its submission to the Court regarding the Accord’s appeal against an order that it cease operating in Bangladesh from 30 November, the government has stated that the Accord should only be allowed to continue operations in Bangladesh under a set of highly obstructive constraints which strip the globally-respected safety initiative of its ability to operate independently of government and employer control. The constraints include that this will be the last extension allowed to the Accord maintaining its office in Dhaka” (10 Dec).

Garment Industry: A catalyst for development of Bangladesh: “The story of the readymade garment industry (RMG) in Bangladesh reads almost like a miracle.  Over the last four decades, this industry has established itself as a global player. Its contribution to the economy of Bangladesh, and in providing employment, is indeed remarkable. The sector accounts for 83% of Bangladesh’s total export earnings, and has created employment for around 4 million people, mostly women” (08 Dec – 1:20-min video). [Ed’s note: by the BGMEA.]

Govt warns RMG owners workers to tackle unrest: “Md Mujibul Haque Chunnu, state minister for labour, said that a group of people are trying to create unrest over the minimum wage of readymade garments workers ahead of the 11th parliamentary election. Such attempts will be suppressed by the government very strongly, he said. The minister made the warnings after an emergency meeting with the Crisis Management Core Committee at the Secretariat in Dhaka yesterday. “We recently observed that, a group of people who do not want the election to be held are trying to create unrest in our largest sector of readymade garments. They are holding various campaigns over the demand of a new wage scale,” Mujibul said” (07 Dec). [Ed’s note: see here and here also.]

The international project to fix Bangladesh’s garment industry may end in a whimper: “The 2013 factory collapse at Rana Plaza was among the worst industrial accidents in history. Its death toll of 1,134 people shocked the world, spurred a wave of consumer consciousness, and prompted an international alliance of fashion brands, retailers, and trade unions to join in a massive, complex effort to make Bangladesh’s garment industry safer. But five years later, this coalition, the Accord on Fire and Building Safety in Bangladesh, is on the verge of being pushed out of the country it was created to serve. (06 Dec). [Ed’s note: see also ‘Workers’ welfare progresses’: “A notable area of improvement was in child labour, with the report showing that the number of underage workers “reduced sharply” from 74 cases between May 2013 and April 2014 to 10 cases in the current reporting period. It said underage workers often used falsified identification documents to get jobs” (06 Dec).]

Cambodia

Factory conditions improving: BFC: “Better Factories Cambodia has found that more and more factories in the country are complying with its standards when dealing with critical worker issues after it began conducting studies on factory compliance” (06 Dec).

Pakistan

Female home-based workers demand equal pay, end to harassment: “Home-based workers of the city held a protest on Sunday calling for an end to workplace harassment and demanding equal wages as their male counterparts … violence and discrimination against women a serious problem. “The occurrence of these incidents is increasing rapidly and no practical steps are seen to end this menace,” she said. “Though the National Assembly had passed a bill against harassment of women at the workplace in 2010, its practical implementation is yet to be seen”” (10 Dec).

New labour policy draws mixed reaction: Labour leaders and rights activists have expressed hopes and fears about Punjab government’s new labour policy … “It takes a deceased labourer’s family months and sometimes years to receive the Rs500,000 death grant. Similarly, a labourer would not get on time marriage grant of Rs100,000 for marriage of his daughter,” [PWF Chairman Chaudhry Naseem] said” (10 Dec).

MANUFACTURERS

Hohenstein opens textile testing lab in India: “With the opening of a textile testing laboratory in Gurugram, India, the testing service provider and research partner, Hohenstein, has again raised the bar for the textile industry. Just recently, in July 2018, the company opened a textile testing laboratory with a comprehensive service portfolio in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Starting in December 2018, Hohenstein India will also be able to offer its tailor-made services in one of the world’s textile hotspots” (10 Dec).

UK investigates after labour rights expose at world’s top glove maker: “Health ministry to investigate standards at Top Glove [in Malaysia] after expose found some migrants working illegal overtime to pay off debts” (09 Dec). [Ed’s note: see follow up stories: Malaysia vows action against world's top glovemaker over migrants' illegal overtime (10 Dec); Top Glove vows action after labour rights expose (10 Dec); and NHS rubber gloves made in Malaysian factories accused of forced labour (09 Dec).]

Textile sector records bad loans of Rs186bn: “[The Pakistan] textile sector recorded the highest amount of non-performing loans (NPLs) at Rs185.6 billion [US$ 1,338 bn] in 2QCY18 with an infection ratio of 18.9pc, reported the State Bank of Pakistan in Statistical Bulletin-December 2018 … Shoes and leather garments sector, which has been losing out to the cheaper influx of foreign shoes and artificial leather entering the local market, had an infection ratio of 18.6pc and NPLs worth Rs5.7bn” (09 Dec).

Aniline-free indigo solution for Absolute Denim: “Archroma, a leader in colour and specialty chemicals towards sustainable solutions, has announced that Thailand-based Absolute Denim will be the first denim manufacturer to switch 100% of its production to aniline-free indigo dyeing” (07 Dec).

Canopy’s 2018 Hot Button ranking of global viscose producers: “Leading brands are looking to the Hot Button Report, published today by environmental not-for-profit Canopy, to inform their viscose/rayon purchasing decisions. Lenzing, Birla Cellulose and ENKA lead the sector with light green shirt rankings – and almost a third of global viscose supply is now verified as low risk of coming from Ancient and Endangered Forests” (09 Dec). [Ed’s note: other viscose producers ranked/named in the report are: Yibin Grace, Sanyou, Sateri, and Fulida (you can see the full list here, and the full report here). Jeff Hogue, Chief Sustainability Officer C&A, was quoted as saying, “Since 2018 and onwards, all products containing man-made cellulosic fibres that are delivered to C&A stores in Europe and China are sourced from producers that have completed the CanopyStyle verification audit with low risk findings.” You might also find it useful to watch my video, Can Chinese viscose producers clean up their act? A view from the Changing Market Foundation about another recent report on viscose production.]

Fashion designer creates vegan leather softer than real cow hide: “Designer Don Kwaning has created a material that mimics leather but is entirely vegan, architecture and design magazine Dezeen reports. Called Lino Leather, as the name suggests, the material is made from linoleum, commonly used as flooring. Kwaning, who specializes in finding creative ways to use natural materials, teamed up with flooring manufacturer Forbo to generate new methods to treat linoleum to make it more versatile” (06 Dec).

#INNOCHAT with Enrica Arena of Orange Fiber: “Enrica Arena and Adriana Santanocito are the Founders of Orange Fiber, an Italian company that patented and manufactures sustainable fabrics for the Fashion Industry from citrus juice by-product” (07 Dec). [Eds’ note: see also Enrica Arena, co-founder & CMO Of Orange Fiber (06 Dec).]

Weaving a new future for India’s ailing textiles industry: “There is a need to work on challenges in the form of outdated technology, inflexible labour laws and infrastructure bottlenecks. The government also needs to re-look at fibre neutrality and evaluate various trade agreement opportunities” (07 Dec).

Kenya's futuristic fashion industry with fish skin: “Kenya’s fashion industry in the future will all be about fish skin. For many in Kenya’s north rift valley of Kitale, fish is a culinary delight. When the most desired parts of the fish are sold off, the rest is wasted. A local foods factory in Kitale is turning the wasted fish skin into leather. Victorian Foods works with roughly 300 fishermen from Lake Turkana in Kenya’s north, who provide it with Nile perch” (06 Dec).

‘The Godfather’ builds a house of gold to make sustainable denim affordable: “Adriano Goldschmied—known for his luxury denim at brands such as DieselCitizens of Humanity and AG Jeans—has been quietly building a new Los Angeles venture over the last five years. Named House of Gold, it is an organization that serves denim brands and guides them through the fabric-sourcing process” (06 Dec).

CONFERENCES & SEMINARS                                        

[New listings or updated information marked with *]

12 December, Guangzhou, China: RBA Outreach Meeting: “The Outreach Meeting in Guangzhou, co-sponsored by GeSI is a free event geared toward RBA [Responsible Business Alliance] members, suppliers and non-member companies.”

16 January, Frankfurt: Fashionsustain:  Puts the spotlight on materials and processes, innovations, circularity concepts and industry industrial applications (with a focus on water).

16 – 17 January, Delhi: International Workshop Agreement for the screening of GMOs in cotton and textiles: “The IWA is about a protocol for GMO screening in cotton and textiles.”

21 – 23 January, New York City: Texworld USA: The winter show will focus on sustainability.

22 – 24 January, Medellin, Columbia: Colombiatex 2019: includes highlighting the best practices of 25 companies that are committed to this subject with innovation, social and environmental responsibility.

24 January, London: 8th Future Fabrics Expo: “Source from 5000+ fabrics, yarns, leathers, trims with a reduced environmental impact from over 150 mills and suppliers.”

29 January – 07 February, Various locations in India/Pakistan: 1 Day Leather Processing Course: “Do you source from India or Pakistan? Get your supply chain trained in leather processing.”

18 February, Izmir, Turkey: GOTS Regional Seminar Turkey: “Through focused and challenging discussions, this one-day seminar shall address pressing issues relevant to the organic textiles industry.” 

25 February, Tempe, Arizona: GRI Reporters’ Summit: North America: “3rd Annual GRI Reporters’ Summit: Practical Solutions to Improve your Sustainability Reporting.”

26 – 28 February, Phoenix, AZ: GreenBiz 19: “Premier annual event for sustainable business leaders.”

28 February, London: The Nature of Fashion: “The panel, which will include Edwina Ehrman and Kate Fletcher, will explore how to use fashion as a pro-environmental force.”

02 May, Dhaka: Bangladesh Fashionology Summit: Transparency through technology, technology for decent work and environment, future skills development.

15 – 16 May, Copenhagen: Copenhagen Fashion Summit: “Join us this May when fashion’s most visionary and innovative minds gather to discuss the most critical issues facing our industry and planet.”

10 – 12 June, London: Ethical Corporation’s 18th Responsible Business Summit Europe: “It’s time to Lead: Innovate, Engage and Collaborate.”

18 – 20 June, Minneapolis, USA: Circularity 19: “Circularity 19 will bring together more than 500 thought leaders and practitioners to define and accelerate the circular economy.”

22 June, Barcelona: Plante Textiles 2019: “The 10th edition of Planet Textiles will be a seminal event on sustainability in the textile manufacturing sector and will see an unrivalled gathering of experts from the entire fashion value chain.”

(Photo Hans Braxmeier, CCO)

Disclaimer: The Fashion Sustainability Week in Review (FSWIR) is a twice-weekly roundup of sustainability news items relevant to the fashion, apparel, textile and related industries. The views and opinions expressed in the FSWIR by individual authors and/or media outlets cited do not necessarily reflect the position of GoBlu International or any individual associated with the company.

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